A fabric of the Yakut language and culture in the Altaic crossroads

Innokentiy Nikolaevich Novgorodov

A fabric of the Yakut language and culture in the Altaic crossroads

(64th Meeting Budapest, 2022)

The movement of the ancestors of the Yakuts from Mongolia to Yakutia through the Circumbaikal region was established on the basis of an international, multidisciplinary study of the languages and cultures of modern and ancient peoples of Siberia and Mongolia.

The Proto-Turkic civilization was formed on the basis of the convergence of Caucasoids and Mongoloids in Mongolia BC. The convergence is reflected in modern Turkic languages and cultures, including the Yakut ones.

The most ancient connections between the ancestors of the Yakuts and the Uriankhians are manifested in language and anthropology, while the relationship between the parents of the Yakuts and Oguzes is traced in language.

Trails of the ancient connections of the ancestors of the Yakuts with predecessors of the Chuvash, Uighurs and Kyrgyz are found in the language. As the Leipzig-Jakarta list shows, the Yakuts and the Kyrgyz-Kypchaks, in comparison with other Turks, show the greatest similarity.

Later, traces of the Yakuts are found in the Circumbaikal region in the Middle Ages. The stay the Yakuts in the Circumbaikal region is reflected in the Mongol borrowings of Yakut and the linguistic and cultural shift of the Buryats from Turkic to Mongolian. The shift of the Buryats are found in genetics, anthropology, language data.

The last stage of the Yakut movement is found in Yakutia, where they migrated in the XIVth century according to archaeology and genetics. Convergence is also found between the Yakuts and Evenks. The result of convergence is the emergence of Dolgan and Western Even. Eastern and Central Even are diverged from Eastern Evenki under influence of the Yakuts. Nowadays, a significant number of the Dolgans, Evenks and Evens of Yakutia are switching to Yakut.

From the XVIIth century convergence between the Yakuts and new Caucasoids — the Russians — began.