Shamina Ludmila (Novosibirsk, Russia)
Analytical Сonstructions as the Source of Grammaticalization in the Tuvinian Language
(57th Annual Meeting of the PIAC Vladivostok, 2014)
The new information that was received as the result of this research is topically relevant and plays very important role for the reconstruction of the history of Tuvinian language, for understanding its current state and predicting the ways of the future development of the language itself and the science studying it. The paper will summarize the results of the study and give perspective view on complex integrational description of the area of Siberian languages in terms of verbal analytics. Grammatical forms of time and their place in specific grammatical systems are important for the ethnoclassifying characteristics of the Turkic languages of Siberia. As the result of long existence of Siberian Turkic languages in the contact zone, the system of general forms and meanings was formed. Heterogeneous forms of Tuvinian temporal system tell us about the processes of the mixture of the languages of various classifying groups. From all the Turkic languages of South Siberia except Tofic and Khakass Tuvinian language is the most closest to the ancient Uigurian language in terms of temporal forms. The forms ending -galak, -achi is the result of the influence of the Mongolian languages in grammar. Ancient Turkic elements were brought into Tuvinian language through the ancient language of the orkhon type (forms -byshaan), and through tha language of ancient Uigurs (forms -chyk, -gudeg). The existence of the form -gu in the system of Tuvinian verb as the part of the participial-case construction -gu deg in which -deg as the analytical form of the comparative case also includes it in the group of the languages with the general Siberian elements in grammar. The consequences of the existence of the ancient Uigurian form of the participial ending -dug, jug in Tuvinian language can be observed in the constructions of the subjunctive mood: -ar ijik, -gai ertik. Analytical expression of the person in finite verb is also the characteristics of ancient Uigurian which still exists in modern Tuvinian (and Tofic) language. The results of the research will be published in a number of articles.