Flavours of Religion in Uighur Contracts

Liu Ge and Wang Xiaoyun

Flavours of Religion in Uighur Contracts

(62nd Meeting, 2019)

Turpan was one of the cities on the ancient silk road. It is an oasis in the boundless gobi desert, where is rich in grapes, melons and wine, besides which, there are many inns, streets, markets and workshops. Therefore, it was a great rest place and trading market for the ancient caravans and travelers, and was also a platform for religion gathering and racial integration.

The buddhist temples on the cliffs, the manichean murals in the caves, and the religious classics and documents written in various languages unearthed, as well as the ruins and tombs of the ancient city are all the traces of the history mentioned above.

The Uighur contract I studied is mainly from the Mongolian and Yuan times, and I mainly study the social and economic aspects, which seem to have little to do with religion. However, people’s names, places and proper nouns in the documents could reflect the fact that many of the inhabitants came from different regions and races with different religious beliefs. It can be fully reflected in the text the existence and interrelationship of various religions, and this paper will further reveal these phenomena.