Differential subject and object marking in Manchu

Kao Hsiang-Tai

Differential subject and object marking in Manchu

(66th Annual Meeting of the PIAC Göttingen, 2024)

The Manchu linguistics is an important but still a relatively minor subbranch of Manchu studies. And for Manchu grammar, the two major parts, are the nominal case markers and the verbal conjugation.

In the Classical written Manchu language, there are “i, be, de, ci, deri“, for the case markers as genitive, instrumental, accusative, dative, locative, ablative, prolative. Last time in the PIAC 2022, I talked about these postpositional nominal case markers, and the ellipsis with the genitive and the accusative. This time I would like to go further to examine the differential case marking, in the case of the subject and the object marking, including the unmarked object and the marked subject.

Therefore, my intention is to test the scale by the two sources, manju i yargiyan kooli (Veritable Records of Manchu) and lakcaha jecen de takūraha babe ejehe bithe ( 異 域 錄 , 1723). And if possible, to have some discussions with these researches.

References :

LARSEN, Thomas W. (2007). “Instrumental Noun Phrases and Unmarked Objects in Classical Manchu”. Proceedings of the First North American Conference on Manchu Studies. Vol. 2, Studies in Manchu Linguistics. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
Guntsetseg Dolgor (2016). Differential Case Marking in Mongolian. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag.
CHUNG Han-byul & DO Jeong-up (2019). “The Distribution of Accusative Subjects in Manchu: A Corpus-based Study”. Acta Orientalia Academiae Scientiarum Hung. Vol. 72 (2).