Gvozdev Roman (Vladivostok, Russia)
Traditional Military Knowledge of Tungus-Manchu (on Materials of the 18th–20th centuries)
(57th Annual Meeting of the PIAC Vladivostok, 2014)
Development of military knowledge is closely related to the ethnic processes. Since ancient times in the Amur-Sakhalin historical and cultural area, there was migration of the Tungus, Mongolian, Chinese, Eastern Slavs. Traditional military science, as people’s knowledge, is an historical and ethnographic source to address the complex issues of ethnogenesis and ethnic history. Traced community special military terminology in the types of weapons, military strategy and tactics of the battle, as well as education in the tradition of the Tungus-Manchu warrior with neighboring peoples. In addition, sources allow correlation trace elements with weapons Manchu China and Jurchen. The traditional Manchu Tungus-Manchu military knowledge had occupied a significant place in the culture, folklore, social order. This phenomenon has emerged based on the abilities and skills of productive activities. It is associated with the customary law, ethnic conflicts, beliefs, shamanism Institute, trade and complemented ethnocultural bonds. The profound changes in social structure and ways of management in the 20th century virtually all special military skills have been either lost or transformed into national sports.
Modern conditions of social existence is a complex system of interaction between ethnic traditions, in which the active processes manifest themselves rethinking values, worldview, national identities.
In connection with these processes, the acute question of preserving the cultural potential of ethnic groups living in the territory of one of the most important areas in geopolitical terms, as is the Russian Far East, part of a vast nature, historical and ethnographic cultural zone.