The hierarchical view of the relationship between Daur and Manchu in the Qing Dynasty

Ding Shiqing and Guo Weishi

The hierarchical view of the relationship between Daur and Manchu in the Qing Dynasty

(66th Annual Meeting of the PIAC Göttingen, 2024)

At the end of the Ming Dynasty and the beginning of the Qing Dynasty, due to the political affiliation established by the Daur people and the Qing court, the relationship between the two ethnic groups also entered a new period of interaction and development. At the same time, due to the strong position of “Manchu riding and shooting”, the Daur people generally respected and imitated Manchu culture and the habits of using Manchu. In addition, the establishment of Manchu literature halls, Manchu private schools and schools in the Daur area has also influenced the Daur language to a certain extent, thus forming a wide range of Daur/Manchu bilingual phenomena, and promoting the Daur people to identify with Manchu and Manchu culture have laid an important social conditions and psychological foundation. Throughout the history of Daman language relationship, in general, the impact of Manchu on Daur is very extensive and profound, but its impact on different dialect areas and different groups of people is different. This article will take the history of the relationship between Daur and Manchu as a clue to discuss this topic.

Keywords: Qing Dynasty, Daur, Manchu, Language Relations, Hierarchy