The Meritorius Officers of the Qianlong period — revisited

Hartmut Walravens

The Meritorius Officers of the Qianlong period — revisited

(53rd Annual Meeting of the PIAC, St. Petersburg 2010)

The subject was treated at two previous PIAC meetings. In the meantime, some more information has come to light, and also the whole context of the battle paintings, handscrolls, inscriptions, hymns, chronicles etc. has led to the picture of the Qianlong emperor as one of the most successful PR managers — as a promotor of himself and his exploits. The paper exemplifies this by means of the respective tools and measures to glorify what the emperor proclaimed his Ten Glorious Campaigns, and focuses on one of the extant portraits, namely that of Cemcukjab.